REMEDI (Recycling Resource Management with Earth Observation Decision-support Information) is a development and innovation project, which aims to discover efficiently the illegal waste depositions with European satellite Remote Sensing technologies (Earth Observation). REMEDI, as an operative environment, will provide information about the location and size of illegal waste sites for the waste recycling industry and local governments, in order to connect these stakeholders on a market basis.
Nowadays the illegal waste deposition is a global problem, which causes difficulties not only for society, but also for the natural environment. It can risk human health and wellbeing, contaminate the landscapes and waterways, poison the plants and wildlife and destroy the habitats. Usually these waste depositions can be found in sub-urban areas (on roadsides, laneways, drains, parks, etc.) or
in remote rural areas (such as national parks, state forests, recreational areas, next to the rivers in the alluvial regions, etc.). Many waste materials that are illegally dumped are valuable resources that can be recycled (E.g. computers, car bodies, fridges, scrap metal, bricks).
Near to the waterways, especially in the alluvial regions, illegal waste deposition is very dangerous, which environmental danger must usually be overcome by local communities, or state governance. Danube is the most international river of the world, connecting many regions of many countries. The dumped waste can be transported easily by water to other administrational territories, thus the waste can change place uncontrolled, and counter measures are hindered.
At the same time, research for accessible resources is a global issue, demanding innovative, high-added value information. Recycling industry suffer from high demand and unsteady supply. Illegal waste depositions can be considered as potential raw material, however the access to this type of resource is uncertain due to its uncontrolled situation in space and time.
REMEDI project aims to set up and maintain a database of illegal waste sites, in order to inform and connect land management with recycling industry. REMEDI will provide a forum, which leads to the elimination of environmental hazards and to the access to the resources of the depositions. REMEDI project will develop the Earth Observation monitoring technology in order to raise the efficiency level of information mining to a market-oriented level, to support a self-sustaining service model.
Earth Observation (i.e. satellite Remote Sensing) is a rapidly developing field, also due to European research and development measures. Copernicus (previously GMES) Programme of the EU supports Earth Observation technology actively. The Sentinel satellite family started its operation last year (2014), with Sentinel-1 satellite (C-Band SAR, ~10 m resolution, whole Europe coverage every 12 days). Sentinel-2 (13 Band multispectral HR) and Sentinel-3 (HR and LR rapid imagery) satellites follows in 2015.These data are available and adequate for monitoring illegal waste depositions with previously unprecedented timeliness. However, site-recognition must be automated in order to provide operative solutions. REMEDI project is dedicated to this achievement.
The objectives of REMEDI project cover entire development, test and market access chain:
1. Know-How development: Specifying the most efficient servicing chain. Applying image information mining developments. Setting up IT environment for REMEDI dataset.
2. Demonstration: Demonstrating REMEDI „on-flight”, servicing a sample area (alluvial regions of the Danube) with REMEDI results. Tested technical solutions of REMEDI application give information about location and size of illegal waste sites. In situ validation will prove monitoring precision.
3. Dissemination: Establishing publicly accessible web database and forum for stakeholders. Communicating technological, economic and operative REMEDI opportunities and widely introducing demonstration results, setting up operational business model.
The clients of REMEDI get monitoring information about location and size of illegal depositions in the region of their interest. This servicing targets the following market actors:
1. Recycling Industry - demand side: being interested in the resources of detected illegal depositions, where recycling can be an answer.
2. Land Management and Administration - local and state governance: controlling the land use; being obliged to eliminate waste sites.
REMEDI aims to contribute to meet the requirements imposed by the following legal regulations:
2005/370/EC: Council Decision of 17 February 2005 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Community, of the Convention on access to information, public participation in decision-making and access to justice in environmental matters
Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives