Flood cooling, using an emulsion of oil in water, is commonly used in machining operations of ‘difficult-to-machine’ materials (e.G. Titanium alloys) to break the downward tool wear spiral caused by excessive heat and in machining operations of ‘high-stic
Experimental and theoretical determination of the distribution of primary and secondary air pollutants in order to understand and predict their chemical transformation and their transport over europe.
Euromar aims to stimulate market-led marine industry in europe, especially taking account of major international marine initiatives by generating new projects.
European collaboration in the field of flexible automated assembly systems
Objective: the aim is to generate sub-projects developing high technology products, processes, systems or services contributing to solving some of europe's major environmental problems.
Development of a european enabling technology for digital television at bit rates up to about 10mbit/s, including the development of related microelectronics.
The main purpose is to generate new projects in the field of photovoltaics and to exchange information on market developments, commercial, industrial and legal issues and other aspects related to photovoltaics.
To improve pan-european computer networks for researchers by introducing advanced network technologies (at 34 mbit/s and and beyond)/applications; improving the quality of services and establishing an appropriate management environment.
Flexible communication network in the field of industrial production systems integrated in company operations to develop competitiveness in mfg. Methods/design, mfg.Systems/ technology and organisation/human resource development.
Will support further development of abatement strategies within europe by providing an improved scientific basis for the quantification of source-receptor relationships for photo-oxidants and acidifying substances.