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European cooperation for academic and industrial research networking

To improve pan-european computer networks for researchers by
introducing advanced network technologies (at 34 mbit/s and
and beyond)/applications; improving the quality of services
and establishing an appropriate management environment.

General View: The rapid improvement in data communications and information exchange facilities that have become available at pan-European level this decade, including basic pan-European data communications infrastructure, is indispensable for the future of European industry and the well-being of Europe as a whole. It will provide direct benefits in maintaining the competitiveness of European research on a worldwide basis; for enhancing employment prospects through new service industries; and for improving the quality of life in many varied European regions. It will also facilitate the integration of Central and Eastern European countries. The future stages of evolution in computer networking at European level will become increasingly complex and expensive. These new constraints necessitate the pooling of resources provided nationally and the involvement of the Information Technology Industry and Services Industry, together with a focusing of R & D activities to directly support the needs of user communities. A European organisational framework is required to ensure the objectives are achieved. Scope: The scope of the project is the rapid development of pan-European computer networks, and their associated services and applications, that are utilised for European academic and industrial research, building on developments achieved by the EUREKA COSINE project (EU-8) and those of national research networking organisations. The geographical scope of the project will be the whole of Europe, including East and Central European countries. The project will enable European R & D to benefit from the development and implementation of a common pan-European network infrastructure at 34 Mbit/s and beyond, to which national and disciplinary networks can be interconnected. The project will establish the necessary framework for the pooling of funding resources. Aims: The project aims to increase the applicability and accessibility of computer networks by enabling the evolution of international networks in response to technological developments and advances in user requirements. In support of these aims, the project will ensure that the necessary managerial environment exists for all aspects (policy, financing, co-ordination of activities, users' representation, management and operation) based on existing European structures where appropriate. An additional aim is that broader user communities than that of researchers (e.g. national administrations, healthcare, education) will be able to benefit from the achievements of the project. Means: The project will exploit the ongoing and future results from E.U. and national research programmes that are themselves targeted at the technological improvement of pan-European computer networking infrastructure, by undertaking R & D activities to integrate these results and deploy them in pilot developments on a pan-European scale. The enabling technologies which will be integrated are expected to include high speed data communications, the communication of binary large objects and the utilisation of advanced knowledge appliances. These technologies will be exploited in multimedia applications such as electronic libraries and publishing, cooperative group working, remote visualisation, distance learning, tele-working and video-conferencing. The project will require close collaboration between the research communities and the various industry sectors (public network operators, providers of services, vendors, etc.). Technical Objectives: The project will create evolutionary improvements to the existing pan-European computer networking infrastructure by upgrading the capacity to 34 Mbit/s and beyond (155 Mbit/s or 622 Mbit/s), and by ensuring that the geographical coverage enables all European academic and industrial researchers to take advantage of the upgraded infrastructure. Currently, Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a key technology for the immediate future and is intended to be the basis for the project. The deployment of advanced applications will be piloted within target user communities to evaluate their appropriateness and useability. In addition, key service elements, such as network management and security, will be developed within the pan-European environment.
Acronym: 
EUROCAIRN
Project ID: 
1 061
Start date: 
31-10-1993
Project Duration: 
32months
Project costs: 
920 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.