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Innovative multifunctional biotextile,integrated with silica dioxide&succinite development& its impact on biosystems

The project concept is related to comprehensive research based on development of innovative biotextile with the potential ability to protect living organisms against adverse external environment factors. For the first time, there will be performed complex compounds integrated into textiles.

The demand for biotextile with specific qualities and the one, specially designed for skin care, is rising rapidly in the global market, as well as biotextile, produced for medical purposes. Nowadays, half of the population of the planet lives in cities, and their rapid development is causing such serious environmental problems as energetic process concentration, increased environmental pollution, climate changes, increased amounts of waste and other problems. Unfavourable urban factors have an influence on human health. It is one of the city's social problems, which has a global character. One of the ways to solve negative urban environmental impact on the population is to produce innovative biotextile materials with protective abilities against aggressive environment. Biotextile materials are particularly relevant if the impact of unfavourable factors cannot be prevented (or if there are especially sensitive organisms to these factors). One of the unfavourable factors in urban environment is UV radiation, intensity of which is increased by modern architecture, low frequency electromagnetic field, chemical and other pollutants. The project concept is related to comprehensive research based on development of innovative biotextile with the potential ability to protect living organisms against adverse external environment factors, and to develop complex technologies in order to introduce them to mass production and development. For the first time, there will be performed complex compounds integrated into textile materials. During production of biotextile, it is expected to use raw materials, which are available in the Baltic region (small grind succinite, different chemical compounds, received from grind succinite, silica dioxide, polymer fibers, and natural yarns). The Baltic amber (succinite) alone, due to its bioactivity (based on the research of scientists from Riga Technical University (Latvia)), makes it possible the project to be successful. There are no manufacturers (in the Baltic region), which offer analogue biotextile materials, that is why there is no any unique laboratory technology to study them. Realisation of this project will be based on synergy and equivalent partnership between the JLU Technologies Ltd research&developing team and manufacturer (Latvia); University of Latvia, Institute of Biology (Latvia); The State Scientific Research Institute Nature Research Centre (Lithuania) and AB Linas production group (Lithuania). In the course of the project, there will be created a unified platform in the Baltic States (development, research and production of biotextiles). It' will provide research basis for similar developments for testing after the project development, and results of the research will be available to small and medium-sized enterprises. The elaboration is unique – until now, there has been no information about combination of the silica dioxide and succinite, integrated into biotextile, and analogues of such composite material (based on these specific complex). In combination of silica dioxide nano-particles with succinite micro- and nano- particles, and with succinite components, there will be developed technology for production of innovative biotextile material. The research will be carried out in two different directions for development of two different types of textile materials: bio inert materials and materials with positive influence on live cells, for example, human epidermis. For the first time, there will be studied the influence of dynamic silica dioxide and succinite nano- particles in complex and amber active components as well as impact assessment, including both nuclear and mitochondrial DNA levels (for example, induction of retrotranspozone activity), DNA mutation, epigenetic changes in the cell model system, including commercial human cell cultures and model organisms. Based on the best practices of research-developed textiles (samples), they will be tested on the cell cultures and on the model objects (Drosophila melonogaster ect.) populations. Until now, the research has been carried out mostly on one amber component – amber acid. The obtained research results give new knowledge about influence of dynamic silica dioxide and succinite nano- particles in complex and amber active components on different model organisms. Based on this, new biotextiles will be developed and introduced into production. Therefore, composite biotextile material is intended as a material with unique protective abilities against environmental factors, with stable physical and mechanical qualities, indifferent or with positive influence on live cells or biosystems. The project involves elaboration of mechanisms and processes as well as equipment and systems that could favour development of industrial process.
Acronym: 
IFSITEX
Project ID: 
11 170
Start date: 
01-12-2016
Project Duration: 
36months
Project costs: 
670 000.00€
Technological Area: 
OTHER INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.