Monitoring of pollution of air with solid particles using lidar techniques.

The aim is to monitor solid particle atmospheric pollution
using laser radar techniques in the visible and infrared
band of the spectrum as well as calibrate the results using
local measurement methods.

Research will be oriented towards the development and implementation of compact LIDAR systems to monitor industrial pollution. In ROMANIA, for example, the following industrial centres will be monitored: - Branesti metallurgical platform (Acumulatorul, Neferal and IAMN), with metallic smoke emissions which affect neighbouring areas (Branesti, Pantelimon, Pantelimon - Bucharest) - Danubiana - Viscofil Platform - with black smoke (PAH - Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon - traces and cancerigeneous substances used as additives in the rubber industry - PBN), which have negative effects on the Viscofil area and Popesti Leordeni. In SWITZERLAND aerosols will be measured in the Planetary Boundary Layer and traffic pollution will be monitored. In ITALY the pollution in the Mediterranean urban area will be monitored. Characteristic parameters of polluted fronts of air transported by air currents (winds) within industrial sources will be determined: - spatial delimitation of polluted area ( X, Y and Z coordinates), - estimation of particle concentration ( mg/cm, no./ccm) in polluted fronts and at ground level, - maximum concentration (calm atmospheric conditions) at some control point levels, - evaluation of the granulometric spectrum of particles within polluted air fronts and at reception level (0.3 at 15 micrometre range), - The theoretical distance of maximum concentrations at ground level (X max) in calm atmospheric conditions will be theoretically computed. Using the local method, the following will be determined: - physical parameters of air ( t - Celsius degrees, relative humidity %); - granulometric spectrum of particles (0.3 at 15 micrometre range) and their concentration (mg/cm, and no/ccm). Case studies of vertical stratification of traffic and industrial aerosol pollution and their atmospheric transport; base-line aerosol pollution meamsurements at sites remote from pollution sources. The final results will be interpreted as regards the characteristics of polluted air fronts and emissions at the level of monitored receivers by taking into consideration models of pollutant dispersal and the influence of industrial sources on the environment under different climatic conditions (i.e. periodical variation, the influence of humidity and atmospheric stability, buildings and ground irregularities, etc.). This project is in concordance with the national policy on environment protection, national research programmes for different brances of activity, with social level improvement trends. In addition, it is supported by the local official representatives in Bucharest. Keywords: LIDAR, aerosol, pollution.
Project ID: 
1 891
Start date: 
Project Duration: 
Project costs: 
860 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.