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Assessment of building an ecological mountain railway as an element of steady development of a tourist region in poland.

Feasibility study into tourist mountain railway connecting
reception areas in poland. Social, ecological, transport,
technical and investment identification including a financial analysis.

The idea of the steady development of tourist (reception) areas is based on the assumption that this development should improve inhabitants' life standards and in the best possible way meet tourists' expectations, simultaneously taking care of the environment. Decisions taken by the local authorities should not only create opportunities to include tourism harmoniously in local social and economic life and provide tourists with an attractive product but also consider tourism as an effective instrument of local development. In tourist development both rational planning and the management of tourist flow regulation play an important role. Tourism in an active way increases environment value and improves inhabitants' life standards. Other European countries' experience (SWITZERLAND, AUSTRIA, GERMANY, FRANCE) shows that a mountain railway leading through a scenic platform could be an interesting tourist product. It appears that also in POLAND where mountainous regions present great landscape qualities and where a steady dynamic tourism development can be noticed, there are demands for this kind of product. Especially interesting are these areas and places which apart from having tourist qualities are considered as tourist and health resort centres and have small seasonal and spatial fluctuations of tourist activity. The Beskid Sadecki area is a classic example, where in the valleys of the Poprad and Dunajec rivers there are two tourist and health resorts: Piwniczna and Szczawnica which are separated by a mountain range between 1000 - 1260 metres above sea level. The Ecological Mountain Railway as an Element of the Steady Development of a Tourist Region in POLAND' project concerns the feasibility phase. It will provide analytical grounds for the advisability of the investment's realisation supported with scientific elaborations concerning socio- economic processes in the region, environment, technique and technology of transport and the development of a tourist product. The main project effects: - complex analysis of the determinants in the matter of building mountain railway as a tourist product, - analysis of the investment influence on the steady development of regions and reception places, - development of modelling for the analysis and prognostication of transport requirements, - innovatory technical solutions in the area of means of transport, steering and infrastructure, - database of the regional railway transport: tourist service resulting from the functions of the places acting as health resorts and inner migration. The project will be divided into six work packages (WP): WP 1: Region development strategy against a background of macroregion development (province) The region's development scenarios with regard to socio- economic and transport policy. In these scenarios economic and social development indexes (i.e. inhabitants' age structure, unemployment) will be taken into account. Against a background of those general indexes transport policy will be described, including various travel demands and supply control instruments, especially in relation to individual car transport. WP 2: Localisation and environment Identification of the undertaking's localisation together with the description of transport, tourist, health resort, sport and recreational infrastructure elements. Estimation of the investment's influence on the natural environment. Landscape formation, internal and external impulses and limitations. Investment setting and infrastructure conditions. WP 3: Technical study of the project with regard to line infrastructure, means of transport, technical background, and steering including organisation and traffic service Basic parameters of line infrastructure: length - about 25 km tracks width - 1000 mm ruling grade: without rack - 3% ruling grade: with rack - 20% number of tracks - one with two passing sidings A lightweight innovatory railway vehicle powered by fluid gas internal combustion engine that meets ecological criteria will be applied as a means of transport. The traffic is planned to be controlled and steered from two dispatchers' stations located at lines' ends. There will be radio communication between the motormen and dispatchers. The possibility of integrated customer service will be taken into account (e.g. railway tickets may be included in one-day ski-lift tickets). WP 4: Analytical studies considering transport analysis, investment and operating costs analysis including human resources analysis As a result of transport analysis, a number of possible passengers will be estimated, with regard to the localisation of the sources and aims of travelling, seasonal and daytime fluctuations. The examination of the indexes concerning current road, railway, and tourist traffic, together with surveying tourists and inhabitants will precede the estimation of predicted flows. In the traffic prognosis models regional and national development strategy will be used including the traffic on the border between POLAND and SLOVAKIA and the predicted socio-economic growth indexes. WP 5: Tourist product formation The localization and route of the planned railway is closely connected with the development of tourism in this region. Local and regional tourist products, which have a chance to be developed soon or in the further future, will be defined. For some people the railway will be the object of their visit to the region, whereas for others it will constitute a significant element of a tourist product structure. Tourist product formation will be divided into the following stages: elaboration of a product's concept, its structure construction, commercialization, and quality conditions of tourist and commercial services. Extremely important are such elements of a tourist product which will go beyond the planned project, i.e. tourist infrastructure, the region's accessibility by means of transport, image, and some other tourist, cultural, and recreational values. This part of the analysis will involve the definition of the roles and aims of tourist industry and public administration in the complex formation of a tourist product in the entire subregion. WP 6: Finacial analysis and the estimation of economic efficiency of the project The estimation of capital expenditure and operating costs as well as predicted income will precede financial and economic analysis. First, the financial estimation of the project will be conducted using the accepted plan of the investment expenditure (on preparations, infrastructure or rolling stock). Then the economic estimation will follow. And to make the analysis complete, sensitivity and risk analysis will be carried out. Keywords: transport, tourism, ecology.
Acronym: 
RAIL-MOUNT
Project ID: 
2 652
Start date: 
01-09-2001
Project Duration: 
14months
Project costs: 
600 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

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