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Ecoremediation (erm) methods for tourist facilities.

Technological improvement of erm methods for protection and remediation of polluted environment due to tourism activities in adriatic/alpine regions with specific pollution loadings, water consumption and climate oscillations.

Adriatic regions (including the Slovenian and Croatian coast) and Alpine regions (including Austrian and Slovenian mountain and lake district areas) are home to an amazing floral and faunal biodiversity. Over the centuries, a fragile web has been woven through the constant interaction between the people and nature in both of the regions. However, rapid changes in the regions are threatening this web of life. Mass tourism is one of the main drivers of coastal, marine and alpine degradation due to sensitive ecosystems. According to an analysis by the tourism industry, the Alpine region will see a continued increase in tourism pressure while Adriatic coasts, specially CROATIA will experience a massive surge of new tourism development. As the regions are leading tourist destinations and also important regions for outstanding biodiversity and features, trends show that the negative impacts could be devastating and irreversible. Mass tourism causes enormous transformations of entire areas leading to soil erosion, increased pollution discharges into the sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure on endangered species and heightened vulnerability to forest fires. It puts a strain on water resources, an already thorny issue in the Adriatic coast. For instance an average tourist uses up to 3 to 4 times more litres of water per day than the average dweller. The results of uncontrolled wastewater discharges are polluted rivers, coastal seas and lakes. Point and non-point sources of pollution cause algal blooms and eutrophication. Therefore, there should be no further development in these areas in the absence of careful planning that includes sustainable use of natural resources of land, water and energy. New forms of responsible tourism development must be introduced to ensure that the decline of nature is halted and reversed. The project includes research on the applicability of ERM methods to different natural and artificial ecosystems for environmental protection and remediation of polluted environment. The methods include constructed wetland (CW) adjustment and improvements for specific hydraulic and pollution loads which are confronted during the tourism season. Additional ERM methods are co-naturally settled wetlands, vegetation strips for protection of water sources, revitalisation of degraded ecosystems, landfill reclamation with ERM, water reuse, etc. CWs provide efficient wastewater treatment, enable water reuse and prevention of non-point pollution sources from land use activities and seasonal industries like olive oil processing, wine trade, fish processing, etc. They are especially appropriate for tourism activities due to their hydraulic and pollution compensation capacities for varied seasonal loads. Water recycling and combinations with other treatment systems for tertiary treatment is possible. Their advantage is competitive accessible prices, favourable landscape appearance and easy and inexpensive maintenance. The project is composed of: - survey of already applied ERM methods for tourism purposes - pilot CW plant construction in Adriatic and Alpine region for different tourism facilities (camps, hotels, settlements, individual eco-house), recreational areas - monitoring of implemented and new ERM systems - environmental assessment of technological measures - elaboration of typical projects (construction guidelines) for certain purposes - elaboration of exemplary concepts for water- und wastewater management Keywords: ecoremediation, constructed wetland, tourism facilities.
Acronym: 
ECOREMETOUR
Project ID: 
2 793
Start date: 
26-02-2002
Project Duration: 
36months
Project costs: 
1 200 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Water Pollution / Treatment
Market Area: 

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