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Plant-based growth regulators and phyto pesticides for use in cultivated plants

Environmentally-friendly plant growth regulators and plant protection agents produced from different forest and field plant materials will be developed and evaluated for use in organic agriculture.

The historical folk tradition of using fertilisers, growth stimulators and plant protection agents based on different plants shows the great possibilities for the development of environmentally friendly preparations to allow a reduction of the need to employ mineral fertilisers and synthetic pesticides, improve crop health, improve plant disease resistance, increase soil microbes and repel insects. Certain big chemical companies, mainly in the U.S.A., have discovered the potentials of such activities and placed commercial products on the market. Unfortunately, products combining nutrient provision and increased crop protection are not officially available on the market in E.U. countries. The philosophy of plant growth regulation and plant protection by using plant extracts is to transfer organic substances from one plant (mainly wild) to another and from one ecosystem to another in order to destroy pathogens by exchanging the natural plant defence mechanisms. The transfer between genetically distant plants and geographically distant ecosystems is most effective. This philosophy has been proven by using seaweed extracts and coniferous tree foliage extractives. The crop yield levels in organic agriculture are quite variable today, and sometimes are as low as 55 - 65% of those of conventional systems. The use of environmentally friendly plant-based growth regulators and phytopesticides in organic agriculture will ensure the economic viability of organic farming. Unfortunately, only liquid forms of seaweed extracts and coniferous extracts 'Ausma' are available on the market and these do not serve the demands of end-users looking for powder forms of growth regulators. A very important point for the development of plant origin growth stimulators is finding cheep and available sources of raw materials. The only extracts available today are from the tree foliage of Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Norwegian spruce (Picea abies), which grow in the Baltic region. In the framework of the project the following will be done: - optimisation of extraction process by using different solvents and extraction methods, - evaluation effect of using extractives from different coniferous trees, - development of novel formulations (powder, tablets, liquid) according to the demands of end-users, - evaluation of the products in different climatic regions (LATVIA, NETHERLANDS, UNITED KINGDOM) applied to different species of cultivated plants, - evaluation of manufacturing procedures following internationally accepted norms for quality management (ISO 9001). Keywords: phyto preparations, plant growth, forest biomass.
Acronym: 
'PLANT FOR PLANT'PFP...
Project ID: 
2 858
Start date: 
01-10-2002
Project Duration: 
31months
Project costs: 
130 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Mixing (powder, etc.), separation (sorting, filtering)
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.