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Medical materials (biomaterials)

Development of biological composite materials, whose phases
are biocompatible, adhere to each other and have the
effective properties to satisfy medical requirements.

Altered living conditions in present-day industrialised societies and their environment - such as food, stress, atmosphere, etc. - are conducive, together with a rise in life expectancy, to an increase in diseases of civilisation which can only be effective combatted by modern medicine if advanced "biocompatible" materials are available (diseases of the joints and their surgical replacement by artificial joints, particularly artificial hips). However, biomaterials are designed not only to combat pathological problems but also restrictions on the quality of life caused by old age as a consequence of signs of wear (i.e. future replacement of removable dentures by implanted teeth). In contrast to materials problems encountered in instrument manufacture, mechanical engineering and vehicle construction, in the electrical, electronics or building industry, it is not possible in the case of biomaterials to modify the various components of a unit and adjust them to each other; the "biosystem" is pre-defined with respect to material and design and only the biomaterial can be adapted to it - "designer" materials and "tailormade" workpieces are therefore required. The objective of the project is therefore the development of biological composite materials, whose phases are biocompatible, adhere to each other and have the effective properties to satisfy medical requirements.
Acronym: 
BIOMATERIALS
Project ID: 
294
Start date: 
01-07-1988
Project Duration: 
128months
Project costs: 
10 150 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.