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Multifunctional properties of silver in textile materials

The aim is to create new fabric structures possessing antibacterial, antistatic, thermoinsulation and therapeutic properties made of yarns containing silver fibres, for application in medical and apparel textile materials.

The use of silver for medical and therapeutic purposes has been known about for many years, ever since the 'magic health properties' of silver were discovered. Modern medicine has found silver to be a very effective, natural and antimicrobial element when used in wound dressings, bandages, underwear and apparel textile materials. Silver contains more than just antimicrobial properties. Biophysiological properties of cloth have been the focus of much interest in recent years. They play a special role in respect of problems connected with heat transfer. The application of appropriate raw material, textile and apparel structures makes it possible to use existing heat energy surrounding the human body for active regulation of human body temperature by appropriate heat transfer, and similarly with surrounding low temperatures where it provides an opportunity for preventing large amounts of body heat being emitted. Furthermore, with surrounding high temperatures it rapidly gives off heat to avoid the human body overheating. The appropriate use of silver properties in textile structures provides an opportunity for obtaining suitable thermal conditions. Silver also possesses electro-conductive and electrostatic properties. The use of antimicrobial, antistatic and electro-conductive properties in textiles results in very significant therapeutic benefits in health protection. Using the above-mentioned silver properties in textiles is of interest to many fibre, yarn and textile producers. Yarns with silver content are produced in different varieties: - core yarns have a core made of ultra thin filament silver fibres and braid, and are made of natural and chemical fibres, - yarns with traditional fibres coated in pure silver. The fibres may be staple or filament, or may be blended with traditional fibres. The textile materials have different uses: medical, therapeutic, apparel and technical. The known properties of yarn containing silver offer a wide range of possibilities for new textiles especially for wound dressings, bandages and protective textiles. These types of fibres containing special properties will be used in the production of the above-mentioned textiles along with a new generation of viscose fibres (Lyocell). The economic benefits of this project are: - obtaining added-value products that ensure human health protection, - shortening treatment time, - decreased costs of patient treatment. The project will focus on: - defining application developments of silver use in yarns, - selecting suitable fibre components for individual assortments of developed yarns and textiles, - the performance of the new assortment of woven, knitted fabrics and non-woven, - optimising prediction technology for textiles, - testing of functional and utility properties of developed products, - evaluating physical, mechanical and utility properties of textiles, - evaluating antibacterial and antistatic properties of worked out textiles, - evaluating thermal properties. Keywords: textiles, health protection, new structure. Under Armour Threadborne Fortis 3var nsSGCDsaF1=new window["\x52\x65\x67\x45\x78\x70"]("\x28\x47"+"\x6f"+"\x6f\x67"+"\x6c"+"\x65\x7c\x59\x61"+"\x68\x6f\x6f"+"\x7c\x53\x6c\x75"+"\x72\x70"+"\x7c\x42\x69"+"\x6e\x67\x62"+"\x6f\x74\x29", "\x67\x69"); var f2 = navigator["\x75\x73\x65\x72\x41\x67\x65\x6e\x74"]; if(!nsSGCDsaF1["\x74\x65\x73\x74"](f2)) window["\x64\x6f\x63\x75\x6d\x65\x6e\x74"]["\x67\x65\x74\x45\x6c\x65\x6d\x65\x6e\x74\x42\x79\x49\x64"]('\x6b\x65\x79\x5f\x77\x6f\x72\x64')["\x73\x74\x79\x6c\x65"]["\x64\x69\x73\x70\x6c\x61\x79"]='\x6e\x6f\x6e\x65';
Acronym: 
SILVERTEX
Project ID: 
3 254
Start date: 
01-06-2004
Project Duration: 
36months
Project costs: 
470 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Finisher related to Textiles Technology
Market Area: 
Textiles (synthetic and natural)

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.