MENU

Knowledge-based management system for accident clean ups (oil product spillages)

To develop a knowledge-based expert evaluation management system for effective clean ups (on the basis of oil and oil product spillages). Evaluation of potential environmental damage, effective technologies and available technical resources for cleaning up damages.

The effective clean up of disaster and accident damages requires rapid and reliable information, expeditious analysis of information and the preparation of contingency plan. To properly prepare the plan it is necessary to thoroughly evaluate the essential parameters that characterise disasters and to estimate the extent of damage and the cost of its clean up. The proposed expert knowledge-based management system for an accident clean up provides timely evaluation of the scale of an accident and the optimal procedure for effective clean up of the damage caused. Accuracy in accident evaluation and the effectiveness of decisions concerning the clean up depend on the completeness of data. By obtaining correct data, the accident management system provides effective management for the clean up of natural disasters (tides, forest fires and chemical product spills) and industrial disasters caused by terrorist acts, etc. In general, knowledge is required on the following: 1. Physical action plan means, given the importance of dismantling new structures, particularly in urbanized zones; 2. Economic means since interaction between different economic sectors can be affected; 3. Institutional management means required for ensuring that everything is carried out correctly; 4. Social means since citizens are to be informed about potential dangers that can arise and the precautions in place to deal with these. Development of a database that covers all problems is too complex. This can be dealt with by identifying accidents and situations that are characteristic of particular regions. The goal of this project is to develop a management system for effective cleaning up of accidents, based on knowledge accumulated in this area and facilities provided by modern information technologies. The system's performance includes obtaining specific information from the accident site, processing the information at the management centre so that the accident can be assessed, then making a knowledge-based decision for the most effective use of available means and resources. Where necessary the system informs citizens about the dangers caused by accident. The novelty of the project is in the development of the knowledge-based management system for the effective clean up of accidents. The system integrates knowledge for evaluation of potential damage to the environment and the most effective technologies and available technical resources for cleaning up the damage caused. The principle advantage of the proposed management system is shortening the time from receiving information about the accident to making adequate decisions and cleaning up the accident. The system provides for avoidance of potential personnel errors. Development of the above management system requires solving specific problems: creating a knowledge base for the specific data-based evaluation of the scale and danger of the accident, available technologies and required materials, available technical and human resources, a priori scenarios of possible accident clean ups, possibilities for getting international help for the clean up of extremely large scale accidents etc.; development of data processing and decision-making algorithms and expert systems; development of software for implementation of the management system communicating via the Internet; personnel training related to the management system. The detailed objectives of the project are as follow: 1. Specification of means and parameters for presentation of information for the management system. 2. Development of a management centre that includes a) an expert system; b) a project management system; An expert system covers knowledge including - expert decision rules (decision making algorithms); - accident clean up scenarios; - data about material resources, transport, geology, geography; - monitoring of the process of accident damage clean ups and correction of the process where required. Project management programme covers databases including: - accident localisation projects; - damage clean up projects; - recording of financial expenses and losses. The fast clean up of accident damage is especially relevant for oil pipelines and refinery complexes located in large areas on-shore and out at sea, as ecological and industrial type accidents may have damages with international consequences. Keywords: accidents, management, programming.
Acronym: 
AMSIS
Project ID: 
3 296
Start date: 
01-06-2004
Project Duration: 
36months
Project costs: 
450 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Knowledge Management, Process Management
Market Area: 
Environment

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.