MENU

Kb i electric-hybrid

Kb i electric-hybrid is a project involving the full conceptual and technological development of a new urban recollector truck, characterised by a series of highly innovative features, including its motor, batteries and even the very dimensions.

MAIN GOAL: The principal objective of the present project is to formulate, design, develop and try a new, very innovative model and unique prototype of the hybrid-electric urban residue recollector. BACKGROUND: FCC is a firm with a very strong market presence in the field of urban residue services. As such, it constantly strives to improve upon its services and upgrade its quality levels. In doing so, several years back, FCC developed a series of 6 hybrid vehicles for its urban recollection units. The objective was to provide a service with a lesser amount of noise and atmospheric emission levels, especially in cities with architectonically complex situations (narrow streets with very little manoeuvring space). However, the recollectors proved insufficient with their cargo capacity. In other words, they were simply too small. Continuing this effort, FCC decided to put together a smaller consortium of very experienced and technically advanced firms, in order to come up with a new recollector. Desired characteristics of such vehicles were: highly manoeuvrable, adequate cargo capacity (4-5 tons of effective cargo load) and high environmental and emission standards (especially concerning noise and CO2 emissions). STATE-OF-THE-ART: By a classical definition, the hybrid electrical vehicle is any such vehicle carrying its own power source on board. This power source can be anything from solar panels to fuel cells, to a standard piston engine coupled with an electrical generator. Having on-board power allows hybrids to selectively choose the source of mechanical power that is the more efficacious for powering the vehicle under the circumstances. In the present case, we are talking about the fusion of the standard piston engine and the electrical generator/battery. However, the current state-of-the-art in the field of hybrid vehicles depends on the type. In the case of the automobile industry, the advances have been considerable and nowadays several models are in serial production (i.e. TOYOTA Prius). Progress has also been made in the sector of public transportation where several EU cities have fleets of hybrid electric buses made by MERCEDES-BENZ (Cito). However, little or no advances have been achieved in the field of heavy duty vehicles. The principal stumbling blocks are battery weight and size, reliability, autonomy and power output, which needs to be far higher than in the other hybrid vehicles. Finally, there is also the final price tag. Any hybrid vehicle is almost 80% more expensive than its normal counterpart, at least initially. ADVANCE: The technological advance and innovation in the present project will come through the design and manufacture of a very innovative hybrid-electrical heavy-duty vehicle prototype which improves upon the current state-of-the-art through: - Excellent manoeuvrability. - Zero atmospheric and very low acoustic emissions while in the electric mode. - Excellent ratio of the useful cargo-overall size. - Highly innovative electronic control equipment (DICO), increasing reliability and efficiency of the vehicle. - Highly innovative battery allowing long electrical mode self-sufficiency of the vehicle. - State-of-the-art cargo box, custom made, and with an excellent structural resistance. Keywords: heavy duty vehicles, electrical-hybrid, residue recollection.
Acronym: 
KB I ELECTRIC-HYBRID
Project ID: 
3 697
Start date: 
01-09-2005
Project Duration: 
8months
Project costs: 
840 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Hybrid and Electric Vehicles technology
Market Area: 
Motor Vehicles, Transportation Equipment and Parts

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.