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Research cooperation on tree physiology

The aims of eurosilva are to advance knowledge on stress and
disease phenomena, forest decline, defence mechanisms,
normal functioning in healthy trees and to promote forest
productivity with respect to quantity and quality of wood.

Modern research in virtually all fields of science know no national boundaries. This should in particular apply to tree research, since tree decline phenomena and the need for the extensive importation of wood are well documented for all European countries. Insufficient forest activity with a special influence of forest decline processes are major factors causing the considerable wood import figures of the E.U. (105 million cubic metres in 1988 resulting in a trade deficit from 15,000 - 20,000 MECU depending on the product range considered.) EUROSILVA has the following aims: i) to further the understanding, prevention and control of forest decline processes through support of basic research, thus providing a scientific basis for environmental policy. ii) to increase knowledge on sustained forest productivity and silviculture, to ensure the ecological balance and to prevent ecological degradation of forest areas. iii) to generally advance the standard and teaching of tree physiology. The Research Programme can be summarised as follows: 1. Growth and Development: - molecular aspects. The selected projects focus on stress tolerance and on functions of phytohormones. - cellular and whole-plant aspects. The selected projects focus on structure, transport and biosynthetic processes or cambial tissue. 2. Stress Physiology: The selected projects focus on the following stress parameters: air pollutants, light, frost, heat, drought, overflooding. 3. Tree Nutrition: - root functions, including mycorrhiza, storage and transport. The selected projects focus on nutrient absorption and transport, as well as nutrient availability. 4. Water relations The selected projects focus on water stress, mechanisms of water conduction and hormonal regulation. The following activities are envisaged: i) common research projects; with the intention of including additional European countries. ii) scientific exchange programme (students, scientists, short term and long term grants). iii) common workshops and training courses in the field of tree physiology.
Acronym: 
EUROSILVA
Project ID: 
447
Start date: 
01-07-1990
Project Duration: 
54months
Project costs: 
8 410 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.