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Develop protein-rich plant origin products by plant breeding /biotechnology for human and animal nutrition applications.

Improvement of functional/nutritional properties of existing
protein-rich products and development of new protein-rich
products from european protein sources. Specialized and
high technological techniques have to be developed.

Protein is an important nutrient in human and animal nutrition. To cover the requirement for protein, the use of protein-rich products is necessary. For human nutrition plant protein concentrates and isolates mainly prepared from soya beans are used. For animal nutrition, in addition to protein concentrates and isolates prepared from soya, protein rich meals and flours prepared after oil extraction and protein rich seeds or products prepared from these seeds, are used. However, the nutritional and functional properties are not optimal and need to be improved by new and better technologies. Due to the temperate climate, Mid and Northern Europe are unable to grow the protein sources (e.g. soya) for the production of concentrates and isolates used for human nutrition and for animal feeding. This programme also seeks possibilities to utilise the latest technology and biotechnology to identify, produce and process protein-rich materials grown in Mid and Northern Europe. To improve the functional and nutritional properties of existing protein-rich products and develop new protein-rich products from European sources, specialised and high technological techniques have to be developed. In the total programme the items to be studied are: - EUROPROTEIN seed, meal, concentrates and isolates from European crops (e.g. peas, faba beans and rapeseed) will be developed using to be adapted and to be developed biotechnological and biochemical treatments. These products are aimed to be used in human nutrition and diets for veal calves and piglets. As well as the nutritional value aspects, special attention will be paid to the safety of the product. - for the production of EUROPROTEIN, seed, meal, concentrates and isolates, new varieties of peas, faba beans and rapeseed will be developed. Recombinant DNA techniques will be used in combination with the traditional breeding programmes. These varieties will be tested for chemical composition, presence of anti-nutritional factors (ANFs), other toxic components and their nutritional value. - the existing protein concentrates and isolates (mainly prepared from soya) used in human nutrition, veal calves and piglets do not have optimal functional and nutritional properties. Adapted and new technologies, biotechnologies and biochemical methods will be used to improve these properties. - many protein-rich meals and flours prepared after oil extraction or from European protein-rich seeds do not have an optimal nutritional value because of low protein digestability, presence of ANFs and antigenic components. It is the aim to optimize and develop processing techniques to improve the nutritional value. - the different, newly developed or improved products must be safe for humans and animals. Besides in-vitro tests (chemical analysis, ANFs, antigenicity, etc.), these products have to be tested in-vivo. To test protein concentrates and isolates to be used in humans, veal calves and piglets will be used as a model, because these animals are very sensitive to ANFs, antigenic components and other factors. - the possible positive and negative influence of rapeseed on the nutritional value of dairy products will be tested. Changes in dairy properties may influence the production of dairy products (e.g. cheese). Special attention may need to be paid to dairy production techniques. - for animal nutrition the different products and seeds will be tested in the target animals: pigs, veal calves, poultry and dairy cattle.
Acronym: 
EUROPROTEINS (IMP)
Project ID: 
623
Start date: 
01-07-1991
Project Duration: 
69months
Project costs: 
7 750 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.