New techniques for abrasion resistance of printed packaging surfaces

To eliminate abrasive effects on printed packages during distribution. Relevant descriptions of wear mechanisms on printed surfaces enable for prediction of wear during transport. One new test method for abrasion resistance of printed packaging surfaces will be developed.

The project will concentrate on reaching four goals. 1. Provide with fundamental knowledge of abrasion mechanisms between printed packaging surfaces. 2. Evaluation of how print quality degrades by abrasion during distribution conditions. 3. A data base of abrasiveness and wear resistance of different materials. 4. A Quality Control (QC) method to describe and characterize abrasion and wear resistance. The type of package to be studied is the one manufactured from paper-based products: board and corrugated board due to its presence in all the industrial sectors. The project will contain following tasks/phases: PHASE 1 – Experimental planning This phase is dedicated to establish the definitions of packaging abrasion resistance and the packaging’s abrasion ability that are going to be applied during the rest of the project. PHASE 2 - Laboratory abrasion tests In this phase the abrasion tests are carried out according to the methodology and conditions defined in Phase 1. The work is divided in two sub-phases: Sub-phase 2.1. Abrasion resistance tests on selected samples. Model experiments will be carried out to determine the factors that affect the packaging surface abrasion resistance in a laboratory scale. Tribological science and paper and packaging technology will be combined to describe and characterize packaging abrasion. - Develop a statistical approach, allowing for the methods to be used as reliable QC (Quality Control) methods in paper industry and printing industry. Sub-phase 2.2. Packaging wear ability tests on selected products. The tests will be carried out to determine the packaging factors that affect the abrasion potential on selected products in a laboratory scale. PHASE 3 –Full and pilot scale transport tests The results obtained in the phases described before will be evaluated in order to extract conclusions that will help to establish the most important variables in paper-based packaging which affect both abrasion resistance and packaging abrasion potential during transport operations. Different transport conditions will be studied in laboratory environment to describe the forces acting on packaging surfaces. The paper surfaces will be characterised in terms of print quality, surface structure and gloss variations. Different abrasion mechanisms can be assessed by varying different components of packaging materials, e.g. different filler particles and different coating pigment particles. PHASE 4 - Scale up procedures of laboratory and pilot trials to real conditions This phase will use the results obtained in the phases 2 and 3 in order to suggest laboratory test methods to predict abrasion behaviour of different packaging concepts. Special interest will be given to the evaluation of strengths and limitations of different laboratory- and pilot-scale methods when simulating real transport conditions. PHASE 5 - Dissemination of results The aim of this task is to develop the activities needed to disseminate the results, and to transfer the generated knowledge. Technology transfer will be insured by scientific publications, publications in packaging trade journals and specialized journals.
Project ID: 
6 300
Start date: 
Project Duration: 
Project costs: 
810 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Mechanical Technology related to measurements
Market Area: 
Packing products and systems

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.