MENU

Integrated technologies for a global management of wastes

Global waste management service. This will be the result of
the integration of existing know-how and development of new
technologies. Development efforts will focus on: recycling,
treatment and control evaluation/optimisation.

The INTEC project proposes that a global waste management service be developed, the INTEC service. This will be the result of the integration of existing know-how and new technologies development. From its source to the environment, wastes are transformed in successive stages requiring different specific types of expertise. Today, those jobs cannot continue to work separately and be independent from one another if we aim to optimize waste treatment procedures as far as economy and ecology are concerned. The technologies applied to a local treatment of wastes will depend on the previous procedures and will also condition coming techniques. The originality of the INTEC project lies in the regrouping of existing know-how and the development of new technologies and procedures, so as to integrate them in a total service. The INTEC service will rely on current waste treatment industries. It will implement complementary procedures to channel waste towards greater commercial exploitation before the storage of ultimate wastes. Such a service will allow us to satisfy community and industrial demands: more and more frequently, these entities wish to rely on an intermediary who masters and optimizes the whole waste treatment route according to their requirements and needs, without any harm being caused to health or the environment. The INTEC project has a dual aim: - to integrate technologies leading to a clean management of wastes - to integrate these technologies into a total service. The development efforts will focus on three predominant areas: - recyling/commercial exploitation - treatment/commercial exploitation - control/evaluation/optimization. Description: The INTEC service is based on the coordinated development of technologies and procedures along the entire waste management route and on the integration of these innovations into existing know-how. Thermal commercial exploitation methods will represent the technical core of the INTEC service. At source level, procedures will be developed which will enable volumes to be reduced and the non-recyclable waste fraction to be prepared for elimination. At environmental level, procedures will be developed to reduce environmental impact and prepare the ultimate wastes for storage. Procedures for selective waste collections are already well developed. Selective collection has allowed the development of sorting-recycling centres (POUBELLE BLEUE (Blue Rubbish) at Dunkerque, ECOBOUTEILLE (Ecobottle) at Rungis), as well as specific commercial exploition operations involving specific wastes coming from both private individuals and industries (ECOPER). Other innovations will enable waste conditioning for recycling to be optimized. The design and management of one of the biggest sorting centres at Romainville has enabled undeniable know-how to be obtained. Innovative mechanised sorting technologies, especially using technologies involving automation and robotics will enable the volume of recycled materials to be increased and qualitative goals to be reached which are necessary for the commercial exploitation of these materials. The development of specific treatment procedures, which are necessary for some materials, will call on the most recent advances in the fields of biotechnology and physical/ chemical techniques. The design and running of incineration plants represent the technical core of waste management and its evolution for both private individual and industrial wastes. Pressure from public opinion as well as the evolution of legislation, whose quality standards are getting stricter, are stating new objectives for thermal waste treatment. New technologies will enable the energy commercial exploitation of non-recyclable wastes by clean processes to be increased. Those developments will rely on technology transfers as well as innovations. New procedures for the treatment of combustion emissions will be developed and tested. Stabilization processes of incineration residues will be developed. All these procedures will enable the "Zero pollution" objective to be reached. The INTEC project also proposes to develop clean and efficient treatment procedures for the by-products of waste water treatment. A wide range of solidification-fixation procedures is currently available. These processes enable a great part of treatment residues to be stabilized and ultimate wastes to be obtained. To enhance the efficiency of these procedures and better master their impact, methods to characterise ultimate wastes will be developed. These will be based on modern RMN spectroscopy techniques. This method will enable solidification processes to be assessed, especially the safety associated with the storage of ultimate wastes. Studies aiming to ensure clean management of temporary storage areas for industrial wastes will be undertaken. Emission measurement devices, contamination models of natural environmental and monitoring tests of environment quality will be developed to control and reduce the impact caused by the waste industry on environment and health. All these technological developments will use computer and automation sciences to lead to a better command of treatment procedures and better control of emissions. An overall management method will be designed to integrate the operational characteristics of the various procedures, composition of wastes, the local context of the source and commercial exploitation possibilities. It will constitute the rational support for the INTEC service and result in the development of an Expert System for the optimization of any local management of wastes. Case studies will be carried out to test the application of the developed procedures. These will enable the demonstration of operational characteristics of the INTEC service applied to standard substrates: household waste, water treatment waste, (sludge and grease from water treatment plants, sewerage grit), specific wastes (tyres), special wastes (volatile organic compounds).
Acronym: 
INTEC
Project ID: 
815
Start date: 
01-06-1992
Project Duration: 
85months
Project costs: 
66 400 000.00€
Technological Area: 
Market Area: 

Raising the productivity and competitiveness of European businesses through technology. Boosting national economies on the international market, and strengthening the basis for sustainable prosperity and employment.